Request for quote
To receive correct quotes, RFQs often include the specifications of the items/services to make sure all the suppliers are bidding on the same item/service. Logically, the more detailed the specifications, the more accurate the quote will be and comparable to the other suppliers. Another reason for being detailed in sending out an RFQ is that the specifications could be used as legal binding documentation for the suppliers.
The suppliers have to return the bidding by a set date and time to be considered for an award. Discussions may be held on the bids (often to clarify technical capabilities or to note errors in a proposal). The bid does not have to mean the end of the bidding. Multiple rounds can follow or even a Reverse auction can follow to generate the best market price.
RFQ's are best suited to products and services that are as standardised and as commoditised as possible, as this makes each suppliers’ quotes comparable. In practice, many businesses use a RFQ where an RFT or RFP would be more appropriate.
An RFQ allows different contractors to provide a quotation, among which the best will be selected. It also makes the potential for competitive bidding a lot higher, since the suppliers could be quite certain that they are not the only ones bidding for the products.
Requests for quotations are most commonly used in the business environment but can also be found being applied to domestic markets.
and also we have RFB(request for bid), its for individuals and C2C reverse auction. C2C auctions are provided by eBay. JeB
- Request For Quotation, compared with RFI, RFT and RFP. Suggested contexts of when to use each.
- Detailed description and template for RFQ, Detailed description on what an RFQ should contain and a template for an RFQ.
- Creating an Effective RFQ, Tips for creating an effective RFQ for a typical manufactured part.