Financial crisis 2007

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2007 time line of the crisis

February 27, 2007 | Freddie Mac Press Release The Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac) announces that it will no longer buy the most risky subprime mortgages and mortgage-related securities.

April 2, 2007 | SEC Filing New Century Financial Corporation, a leading subprime mortgage lender, files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.

June 1, 2007 | Congressional Testimony Standard and Poor’s and Moody’s Investor Services downgrade over 100 bonds backed by second-lien subprime mortgages.

June 7, 2007 Bear Stearns informs investors that it is suspending redemptions from its High-Grade Structured Credit Strategies Enhanced Leverage Fund.

June 28, 2007 | Federal Reserve Press Release The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) votes to maintain its target for the federal funds rate at 5.25 percent.

July 11, 2007 | Standard and Poor’s Ratings Direct Standard and Poor’s places 612 securities backed by subprime residential mortgages on a credit watch.

July 24, 2007 | SEC Filing Countrywide Financial Corporation warns of “difficult conditions.”

July 31, 2007 | U.S. Bankruptcy Filing Bear Stearns liquidates two hedge funds that invested in various types of mortgage-backed securities.

August 6, 2007 | SEC Filing American Home Mortgage Investment Corporation files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.

August 7, 2007 | Federal Reserve Press Release The FOMC votes to maintain its target for the federal funds rate at 5.25 percent.

August 9, 2007 | BNP Paribas Press Release BNP Paribas, France’s largest bank, halts redemptions on three investment funds.

August 10, 2007 | Federal Reserve Press Release The Federal Reserve Board announces that it “will provide reserves as necessary…to promote trading in the federal funds market at rates close to the FOMC’s target rate of 5.25 percent. In current circumstances, depository institutions may experience unusual funding needs because of dislocations in money and credit markets. As always, the discount window is available as a source of funding.”

August 16, 2007 | SEC Filing Fitch Ratings downgrades Countrywide Financial Corporation to BBB+, its third lowest investment-grade rating, and Countrywide borrows the entire $11.5 billion available in its credit lines with other banks.

August 17, 2007 | Federal Reserve Press Release The Federal Reserve Board votes to reduce the primary credit rate 50 basis points to 5.75 percent, bringing the rate to only 50 basis points above the FOMC’s federal funds rate target. The Board also increases the maximum primary credit borrowing term to 30 days, renewable by the borrower.

September 14, 2007 | United Kingdom Treasury Department Press Release The Chancellor of the Exchequer authorizes the Bank of England to provide liquidity support for Northern Rock, the United Kingdom’s fifth-largest mortgage lender.

September 18, 2007 | Federal Reserve Press Release The FOMC votes to reduce its target for the federal funds rate 50 basis points to 4.75 percent. The Federal Reserve Board votes to reduce the primary credit rate 50 basis points to 5.25 percent.

October 10, 2007 | Hope Now Press Release | Treasury Department Press Release U.S. Treasury Secretary Paulson announces the HOPE NOW initiative, an alliance of investors, servicers, mortgage market participants, and credit and homeowners’ counselors encouraged by the Treasury Department and the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

October 15, 2007 | Bank of America Press Release Citigroup, Bank of America, and JPMorgan Chase announce plans for an $80 billion Master Liquidity Enhancement Conduit to purchase highly rated assets from existing special purpose vehicles.

October 31, 2007 | Federal Reserve Press Release The FOMC votes to reduce its target for the federal funds rate 25 basis points to 4.50 percent. The Federal Reserve Board votes to reduce the primary credit rate 25 basis points to 5.00 percent.

November 1, 2007 | Additional Information Financial market pressures intensify, reflected in diminished liquidity in interbank funding markets.

December 11, 2007 | Federal Reserve Press Release The FOMC votes to reduce its target for the federal funds rate 25 basis points to 4.25 percent. The Federal Reserve Board votes to reduce the primary credit rate 25 basis points to 4.75 percent.

December 12, 2007 | Federal Reserve Press Release | Additional Information The Federal Reserve Board announces the creation of a Term Auction Facility (TAF) in which fixed amounts of term funds will be auctioned to depository institutions against a wide variety of collateral. The FOMC authorizes temporary reciprocal currency arrangements (swap lines) with the European Central Bank (ECB) and the Swiss National Bank (SNB). The Fed states that it will provide up to $20 billion and $4 billion to the ECB and SNB, respectively, for up to 6 months.

December 21, 2007 | Federal Reserve Press Release The Federal Reserve Board announces that TAF auctions will be conducted every two weeks as long as financial market conditions warrant.

December 21, 2007 | Bank of America Press Release Citigroup, JPMorgan Chase, and Bank of America abandon plans for the Master Liquidity Enhancement Conduit, announcing that the fund “is not needed at this time.”

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